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Short-And Long-Term Effects Of Stimulant Addiction

There are many different types of stimulants, including prescription stimulants such as Ritalin, Adderall, and Concerta. Some illegal street drugs are also stimulants, such as methamphetamine and cocaine. All of these stimulants can have serious short- and long-term effects on the body and brain, which is why it is so essential to seek treatment for stimulant abuse of any kind. If you think a loved one could be abusing stimulants, prescription or otherwise, he or she may need to go through an inpatient addiction recovery program in Maryland.

Short-Term Effects

When stimulant drugs are introduced to the body, the brain responds by releasing dopamine and norepinephrine, which are two neurotransmitters. The proper use of prescription stimulants works to control conditions such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) by regulating these neurotransmitters, which would otherwise be out of balance. Unfortunately, there is a high potential for abuse. When used incorrectly, some of the short-term effects of stimulant drugs include feelings of euphoria, increased alertness and focus, and sleeplessness. There are a number of more negative effects that stimulant drugs may cause as well, such as loss of appetite, high body temperature, and increased blood pressure and heart rate.

Long-Term Effects

When an individual continues to abuse stimulant drugs, the dopamine and norepinephrine receptors in the brain are no longer as responsive to the effects of these neurotransmitters. This means that the individual requires gradually increasing dosages of the stimulant to achieve the feeling of euphoria. Taking higher dosages of a drug than prescribed is one of the indicators that an individual needs help at an inpatient substance abuse treatment center. Other long-term effects of stimulants include paranoia, hostility, and even psychosis. In certain cases, stimulant abuse can be deadly, as long-term users run the risk of seizures and cardiovascular failure.

Withdrawal Effects

Individuals who become dependent on stimulant drugs will experience unpleasant effects when the drug is removed from the body. These withdrawal effects can make it very difficult to break free of addiction without professional guidance. During inpatient addiction treatment, users can undergo drug detox in a safe, supportive environment. Addiction specialists can help patients cope with withdrawal effects such as sleep disturbances, fatigue, and depression. Other possible withdrawal effects may include feelings of helplessness and sluggishness, and an impaired capacity to function normally.

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