Commonly Abused Stimulant Drugs
When using stimulant drugs, a person may feel a sense of higher intelligence, invincibility, and euphoria, which are all sensations triggered by the release of dopamine in the brain. Over time, continued use of stimulants will wear down dopamine receptors, meaning that larger and larger doses are needed to achieve the same high. Because of this effect, stimulant drugs are highly addictive and may lead to a rough road when it comes to stimulant abuse recovery. Still, it is possible to break the chains of a stimulant addiction and regain stability in your life with the right recovery program.
As you seek addiction treatment in Maryland, you should look for a program that incorporates medical treatments to heal the whole body, ease withdrawal symptoms, and pave the way for a lifetime of clean living. Below you can get a closer look at the different types of stimulant drugs that may be at the heart of a stimulant addiction.
Prescription stimulant drugs
The abuse of prescription drugs is on the rise in the United States, and prescription stimulants used to treat conditions like ADHD are no exception. These drugs are often used among students, as they increase wakefulness and promote a sense of concentration.
- Amphetamines – Adderall is the most common example of a prescription amphetamine. It is classified as a schedule II drug because of the potential for abuse and dependency. With long-term abuse, Adderall and similar stimulants may cause hostility, paranoia, and even psychosis. There is also a high risk for serious cardiovascular issues and stroke with prolonged use.
- Methylphenidate – Under the prescription names Ritalin and Concerta, methylphenidate can lead to permanent damage of the blood vessels in the heart and brain along with violent or eccentric behavior, hallucinations, panic, and seizures.
Stimulant abuse is not limited to prescription drugs. The use of methamphetamine has been on the rise due to its low cost and widespread accessibility. However, meth can cause a wide range of physical and mental health problems—including rotted teeth, liver damage, memory loss, paranoia, and hallucinations. Cocaine is another common stimulant found nearly anywhere in the world, and it is one of the most addictive substances around. Over time, cocaine users may experience serious heart problems with a very high risk for heart attack.